There are many things in this industry that cause waste and variation. Siloed command and control leaders, bad contracting systems, unstable markets, bad construction practices, a disrespect for people, and bad systems, like CPM (Critical Path Method) the way it is used today. These have become targets in a social cause to correct construction’s downward trajectory and create a safe and healthy environment for people. They are targets because they create waste and variation, which is our enemy. It is only a matter of time before they are removed and replaced. They have already become unpopular even if some of the are still considered necessary.