Efficient Construction Planning with Last Planner

Efficient Construction Planning with Last Planner

Kevin White and Simon Watson of Jones Engineering Group talk to Irish building magazine about introducing the Last Planner System, the benefits it has brought on the Group’s past projects and its early use on the New Children’s Hospital Project.

In Issue 3 of 2017, Irish building spoke to Lean Construction Institute Co-Founder and Last Planner System Co-Creator Glenn Ballard about the Last Planner System. Here we learn about the application of the tool from a specialist services contractor’s perspective. Jones Engineering Group have been heavily involved in Lean Construction Ireland and are using a variety of Lean tools, including the Last Planner System.

Kevin White describes his personal involvement and the Group’s involvement
in Lean Construction Ireland (LCI), “I am
a founding member of the LCI and Jones Engineering Group have supported it since its foundation, including running events and the website, and representing general contracting and trade elements in the LCI.”

Last Planner

Last Planner System (LPS) is a production planning and control system with subsystems. As described by Glenn Ballard in his Issue
3 interview, there are significant differences between LPS and traditional planning. In
the traditional planning method, there is a distinction between planners and the people undertaking the work. Traditionally, planners would plan the work and the gangs and subcontractors would do the work. In LPS those undertaking the work plan the work
they are going to do within the project targets set. LPS is also different in that commitments (reliable promises) are made between the supervisors, as opposed to them being asked
to agree to a set time period. With LPS there is an emphasis on learning and avoiding mistakes through continuous improvement.

Kevin White is Division Manager and Simon Watson leads Team Development at Jones Engineering Group and they tell us about their use of LPS and Lean adoption. We ask Kevin White when Jones Engineering Group first became interested in Lean and LPS. He says, “Our interest first started in 2003 with the BRE (Building Research Establishment) and CLIP (Construction Lean Improvement Programme) and we first used LPS in 2008, initially based on in-house research.” CLIP was set up in 2003 to improve the financial performance of the UK Construction Industry and to provide better products and services to customers. TheCLIP programme operated under the control of the BRE and Constructing Excellence. CLIP has worked for companies throughout the construction supply chain, from main contractors to manufacturers and suppliers.

LPS was introduced at Jones Engineering by in-house researchers and the use of external consultants and experts. Initially, internally through in-house research in 2008 and supplemented with training from DPS in 2014 and Paul Ebbs, a Lean Consultant in association with Umstot Project and Facility Solutions from San Diego, who are LPS Consultants.

Speaking about the popularity of LPS in construction media and its future in the Irish Construction Industry, they say “Much has been written lately about the use of the ‘Last Planner System’ to assist with scheduling of construction projects. Based on the learnings of those who have been involved in its use, we will see this tool used more and more in our industry. ”They describe the system for readers: “ e main function of this system is to involve the experts, from each of the stakeholders on the project, in a planning process where they can actually make their own commitments and promises.” Jones have significant experience of using this tool and know its benefits in comparison to traditional planning.

Experiences of Traditional Planning and Introducing Last Planner

“Over the years, we have learned from experience that being handed a project schedule developed by someone else simply doesn’t work! When the team have some ‘skin in the game’ and have to make their own commitments on what can be done, they feel a deeper sense of responsibility to fulfill these promises,” they tell us. “It also means they have had to plan for the upcoming tasks themselves in advance and are more aware of what they need to have in place to succeed i.e.; material, access, and information. These are the three fundamental items that all of our teams are taught to review in advance of starting a task. If they are missing any one of these items for a specific task, they must move on to the next task, as they will be unable to complete this one.”

They speak from experience about the difficulties in traditional planning. “Starting
a task when you know you are outstanding either material, access, or information is non-productive. If your field install teams are working this way you will findthere is a lot of wasted time leaving tasks unfinished, only to have to return when the missing piece of the puzzle has been received.”

Kevin and Simon describe their first encounter with LPS. “Our first experience of using the Last Planner System on a large project was
a couple of years ago. A similar project had just been completed for this client…behind schedule, over budget, and with the team disheartened. When the next project was due to start with all of the same contractors in place, the client saw the need to take a different approach and so instigated the Last Planner System. e difference was astounding!” They add, “Introducing LPS was not the only change taken on board by Jones Engineering that made the difference on this project. ere were a number of other improvements introduced, these also helped significantly, but LPS was the catalyst that pulled all the contractors together to work as a unified single team.”

Since this project Jones Engineering have developed the experience of using this tool and are recognised in the industry for their expertise. “Since then, we have carried out LPS training for specific cross-functional project teams within Jones Engineering Group prior to them commencing projects where LPS is used.”

“One of the other key outcomes from using LPS on projects is the bonding of the entire project team,” Kevin and Simon state. “Having all these folks in the room together and going through the various stages of LPS from Milestone, Phase, Pull, Weekly and down to Daily Plans, is like walking through the whole project before works have even commenced. All the key players get to know each other and develop an understanding of each other’s work scope in a far more accelerated manner than on a project where traditional planning methods are used.”

“The main function of this system is to involve the experts, from each of the stakeholders on the project, in a planning process where they
can actually make their own commitments and promises.”

Last Planner on the New Children’s Hospital Project

Jones Engineering Group are currently working on the New Children’s Hospital Project where LPS is due to be used throughout the project, and it has already had early application. Because of the scale of this project, recognised Lean experts with experience of introducing LPS to similar healthcare facilities around the globe have been sourced and will be in place to facilitate its adoption on the project.

Kevin and Simon tell us about the contractor’s early use of LPS on the project. “During the initial project phase where we are diverting existing services out of the footprint of the building, it was decided to introduce LPS and get everyone acclimatised before the main project scope starts. Working through the Phase planning process has already thrown
up some fundamental changes to the way the tunnel structure could be built to allow earlier access for Mechanical & Electrical trades. Without LPS, it is unlikely all of the right people would have talked through the build sequence and identified this opportunity for earlier access.” LPS could be critical to the planning of work and this project could be a great case study for the use of LPS in Ireland. “ e stage is now set for LPS to be the catalyst that makes this hospital project a great success. Watch this space!”

As we can see from the metrics below,
Last Planner allows you to actively pursue constraints whilst allowing you to manage your activities 6 weeks in advance of becoming an issue. It also enables real-time tracking of the teams PPC (Planned Percent Complete) which highlights the opportunities to stretch your goals within the schedule. If your PPC is 100% you are not setting hard enough goals and there will be Float in your plan which is waste. Also shown below is the Constraint Removal ID Health. is helps the team focus on removing the constraints to enable the work planned. Constraint removal ahead of the work is preferable and late removal is tracked to identify common issues that are di cult to remove.

The work of Jones Engineering Group is a great example of the work of Irish Contractors adopting the Lean Philosophy, using Lean tools and supporting the Lean Construction Ireland Community to enhance the value delivered by the Irish Construction Industry to its clients. If you want to find out more about the Last Planner System and Lean Construction in Ireland, visit the Lean Construction Ireland website and read past issues of Irish building magazine.

See Jones Eng. PDF here

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What do Hospitals and Construction Projects have in common?

Introduction:

In their article Why Hospital don’t learn from Failures, Anita L. Tucker and Amy C. Edmundson completed a study of nine high performing hospitals to determine why the same problems seem to occur over and over again in the Hospital environments.  To gather this information the research team completed a direct observation study on the frontline workers (Nurses) as they went about their daily business to determine what type of issues occur on a daily basis and how the issue are dealt with.

The direct observation team identified 194 issues that they categorised into problems and errors.

Problems were defined as issues that were caused by issues outside the direct control of the frontline workers

Errors were defined as issues caused by the frontline workers themselves

The data showed that that 85% of issues that front line workers were dealing with were caused by problems that were outside out of their control but because of the need to keep the work going 100% of the issue were being addressed using what the research team called first order problem solving.

What is First Order problem solving?

First order problem solving occurs when a worker fixes the issue that they are presented with to solve the problem as it is presented. For example, a staff member sees’ a bed not ready for a patient, they go get clothes from another bed in another ward. They make the bed ready, the problem is solved.

The pro’s of first order problem solving is that the activity, while interrupted for a short period of time, gets back on track as soon as the solution is found.   The con’s is that the actual root cause of the problem is not resolved and the problem has a high probability to re-occur.

What is Second order problem solving?

Second order problem solving occurs when the worker, in addition to doing first order problem solving, also takes further action to address the actual reason why this problem occurred. For example, a staff member sees’ a bed not ready for a patient, they go get clothes from another bed in another ward. They make the bed ready, the problem is solved.   Then, they contact their manager to describe the issue and ask’s for the manager to check why this happened and to ensure that it does not happen again.

The pro’s of second order problem solving is that if the root cause of the problem is addressed then the problem is solved and does not reoccur. The Con’s is that it takes time, influence and skills that the front line worker may not have

So how do you move from First Order to Second Order problem solving?

The authors propose that in order to move to a second order problem solving the following steps need to be implemented

Step 1: Management must increase their support to allow for training, structures, process and time to be allocated to problem solving.

Step 2: Management need to create a safe space where workers feel free to talk about problem they are encountering without fear of ridicule or punishment.

Step 3: Management must follow through on suggestions for improvement from the frontline workers.

The gains of facilitating these process look like an increase in resources and therefore funding but, in the study referenced for this article, the research team argue that an elimination of just the worker waiting time, calculated at 8% would yield a savings of approx. $256,000 per year in lost time at a 200 bed hospital.  How much would it save in lost time on a project???

So where is the relationship between Hospitals and Construction?

Like Hospitals, Construction performance is based heavily on the performance of its frontline workers and the majority of people that work in construction are those at the frontline. In fact 48% of value added construction activities are generated by the frontline trades over a full project cycle.

The McKinsey Report on Reinventing construction outlines that construction firms in Europe with more than 250 employees account for less than 1% of all construction companies while 94% of construction companies have less the 10 employees. These are the construction industries frontline workers.

The same report shows that these frontline workers have a baseline productivity that is 20% lower than the sector average. An analysis completed recently by DPS Group to determine the main drivers for construction productivity losses during the construction execution phase shows that pre-requisite works not being ready and material delivery and management on site.  Both which are out of control of the frontline worker but have a direct impact on their productivity.

Finally, for the frontline companies, their margins are tight, they have deadlines and they need to meet their targets or they will risk having a loss on the project.    If they see a problem, they will resolve the problem in front of them and they will use first order problem solving to do so.

Therefore, Like the Hospital example, the majority of value added work on construction projects is completed by the frontline workers. Like the frontline staff in hospitals most construction projects suffer from problems that are outside of the daily control of the frontline worker and finally the most common method for problem solving is in construction is the first order kind.

So how do we ensure that we move to second order problem solving in construction?   The answer is the same as with the Hospital study but in this case the management are the larger Construction companies or the General contractor.   As these companies tend to be less fragmented, they have the infrastructure to mimic the Toyota process of coaching and helping their supply chain to improve their productivity.

Like the Hospital study in order to move to a second order problem solving the following steps need to be implemented

Step 1: Large Construction Companies must increase their support to allow for training, structures, process and time to be allocated to problem solving.

Step 2: Large Construction Companies need to create a safe space where their frontline workers are free to talk about problem they are encountering without fear of ridicule or punishment.

Step 3:  Large Construction Companies must follow through on suggestions for improvement from the frontline workers.

There is plenty of evidence that most successful projects use Lean problem solving techniques such as direct observation, last planner, PDCA, Kaizen and Kata’s to identify and resolve issues to the root cause to prevent them from re-occurring.

The LCI’s own data shows that project that use Lean processes are three times more likely to complete ahead of schedule and twice as likely to come in under budget.

Like Toyota, the larger construction companies must take the lead in the improvement of the construction supply chain by first implementing lean practices in their own companies and then into the companies that work for them. The larger construction companies need to lean the implementation of standard Lean practices on projects (Last Planner, Direct observation, Waste walks and Kata sessions) and to take ownership of administrating these processes on projects.

And as per the hospital study, the gains of facilitating these process look like an increase in resources and therefore funding but, if the elimination of just the worker waiting time, calculated at 8% would yield a savings of approx. $256,000 per year in lost time at a 200 bed hospital, how much would it save in lost time on a large capital project?

Lean Construction USA, 2016. The business case for lean construction…there is a better way. [Online] Available at: WWW.LEANCONSTRUCTION.ORG/LEARNING
[Accessed 24 Feb 2018].

Mckinsey Global Institute, 2017. Reinventing Construction A route to higher Productivity, s.l.: McKinsey & Company.

Tucker, Anita L, Edmundson, Amy C. 2003. Why Hospitals Don’t learn from Failures. California Management Review, Vol 45 No 2. Pg 55-72

Why Lean? Why Now?

Lean project delivery has entered the mainstream of construction, yet Lean adoption lags among design professionals. Architects and engineers who transformed the industry by first pioneering sustainable design and later the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) remain spectators while trade partners, construction managers, and some owners embrace Lean. As more owners expect and demand Lean, the hearts and minds of design professionals will soon follow. Change is difficult. Going “Lean” means abandoning the prevalent, “Robust” culture underlying design, operations and project delivery. According to the Lean Construction Institute, there are 6 cultural attributes of Lean:

  1. Respect for the individual
  2. Waste reduction
  3. Value creation
  4. Flow
  5. Optimizing the whole
  6. Continuous Improvement

In contrast, the Robust system begins with the drive to Inspect (aka, QA/QC), rather than Respect. It is an entrepreneurial culture that mitigates Risk, tolerating Waste in the process. Robust culture emphasizes Price over Value, Push over Flow, and Doing Whatever it Takes over Optimizing the Whole. Finally, design professionals in a Robust environment will Deliver in Accordance to the Contract, moving onto the next project with only a token consideration of “lessons learned”, rather than a commitment to true, Continuous Improvement.

Robust culture and systems have been used to deliver projects for centuries. This apparent success becomes suspect whenever the costs of rework, client dissatisfaction, and razor thin profit margins are considered. Most architects and engineers are aware that wastefulness is built into the Robust approach, but lack an incentive to tackle the change until facing a crisis, or when standing upon the (metaphorical) “burning platform”.

The Burning Platform

When business circumstances dictate organizational change, the collective mind of a design practice can be effectively focused. Of course, by then it could be too late. While the great recession has ended; competition hasn’t. Four decades of reduced influence in project delivery – the result of many factors – leaving architects and engineers with reduced opportunities for growth beyond mergers and acquisitions. Ultimately, every design practice must address two critical workflows:

  • People – Providing clients with excellent service, profitably
  • Information – Preventing design error and inventing client value, profitably

A practice which stands upon the metaphorical burning platform is more likely to leap into Lean. With guidance, architects and engineers can improve productivity through continuous improvement of key workflows, increasing operational efficiency, and reducing waste while delighting clients. Design professionals can discover what trade partners have already learned; Lean culture and systems create a competitive cost advantage. Implementing Lean inevitably leads to the realization that investing in quality creates a significant Return on Investment.

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Sisk leading the way with implementation of Lean Construction

Sisk leading the way with implementation of Lean Construction

John Sisk & Son Ltd is an innovative, international engineering and construction company, employing 1,200 people across its operations in Ireland, the UK and Europe. Sisk have been on the Lean journey since the late 1990s but undertook a step change in approach in 2016, recognising how core Lean principles matched the company’s focus on delivering value for customers and respecting and creating an efficient, safe and rewarding environment for all those who work with them.

The John Sisk & Son vision is “To be the best at Creating Value for our Customers, Shareholders and our People” and taking a leadership position in our industry in the use of Lean is a key part is helping us live up to this vision every day.

As part of making this real, our processes are structured and managed to continuously improve how we deliver value, to continuously improve our safety standards, to continuously improve the efficiency and speed at which high quality work can be delivered. This desire to innovate has been key to our growth and sustainability as a business which has been at the forefront of the construction sector for
Formalising the Lean approach in Sisk
over 150 years.

Following peer reviews and client consultation across both Ireland and the UK we formally defined Lean for Sisk as:

“An approach which uses a systematic methodology to create or deliver value” by:

⦁ identifying precisely what is meant by “value” from the customer’s perspective,
⦁ eliminating waste in all its forms,
⦁ respect for people and what they can contribute
⦁ “pursuing excellence” within a structured continuous improvement culture

The key concepts for us include “leadership by example”, accountability and ownership, and recognising that those closest to the working environment are often best placed to identify improvement opportunities. Our Lean approach also emphasizes the importance of the “visual” in the way work is structured, reviewed and reported.

Consultation

We recognised that there were two streams of work to be done. One was on the way we operate as a company and the second was the operation of the projects we work on.

In 2016, we undertook an extensive consultation process with over 1,000 staff – 80 % of our directly employed workforce. This consultation was undertaken in the form of consultative workshops, the aim being to identify areas either of frustration or of potential improvement – either in processes or outcomes.

Hundreds of ideas were distilled into 42 work streams, prioritising 16 areas for immediate action. A “Lean Team” was established, charged with identifying and reducing waste and inefficiencies by mapping and analysing business processes.

Delivery by the Lean Team

Some of the big wins delivered to date by the Lean Team:

Lean Management System The entire suite of project management procedures and forms within the construction management system has been reviewed using systematic Lean methodology, process mapping in particular. Procedures and forms have either been combined, refined or eliminated, particularly where overlaps were identified. We are on track for a 25% reduction in documentation our management system.

Digital Field Tools. Through the use of digital tools including iPads and collaborative sharing sites, we have reduced the volume of paper and delivered a time saving solution leading to more efficient workflows, clearer communication and more accurate information on our projects.

Project Set up & Mobilisation.The challenge of rapid mobilisation of a project, such as to produce a safe and efficient set up for the lifetime of the project, whilst reviewing all the design, on boarding partners into the scheme and indeed getting the teams to work together efficiently has been tackled. A robust process for start-up and mobilising all projects across the business is under development.

KPI / Productivity Tracking. We have also introduced better tracking tools to give faster insights into current output and predictive indicators of areas of underperformance. These project controls are helping the wider team on our projects to share accountability for progress and allows the collaborative solving of problems before they become critical.

Knowledge Management In order to capture and leverage the expertise and experience of our people we have developed a Knowledge Management intranet portal, capturing and sharing best practice across all projects, harnessing the best of good ideas.

BIM Implementation. BIM has been a key success over the last number of years and one of the great enablers for Lean working. We have introduced 4D modelling to most of these projects, improving our planning, co-ordination, look ahead and communication efforts. Re-work and sub-optimal sequencing has been drastically reduced on these projects as spatial and sequencing clashes can be foreseen and managed out more effectively, leading to more efficient programs and quality outcomes and allowing us build it right first time.

Training for a Lean culture change

Sisk has trained over 120 staff to Lean Six Sigma Yellow Belt standard and have a number of people currently undertaking Green Belt programmes. It is vital to engage staff and to equip them to be part of the process and this training is a key element of that.

Guided Lean Programmes onsite

In addition to eliminating or streamlining non-value-adding processes across the organisation, Sisk has implemented a number of project specific Lean programmes on some key projects. On one large project in the UK for example, completion to occupancy in 22 months was the key client requirement. Sisk engaged the services of a Lean consultant, setting an ambitious target to hand over in 19 months. The full supply chain was appointed on the basis of a commitment to collaborative engagement in live interactive planning workshops.

The project schedule is being managed using a combination of “Last Planner” type collaboration and Critical Path type techniques, with the full critical path micro-scheduled and rescheduled twice weekly. Most importantly, the entire team and supply chain are fully engaged in an open and collaborative approach both to planning and overcoming problems, with weekly “6-week” and 1 week planning sessions, combined with daily field-based whiteboard meetings focused on the same data. A no-blame culture is very evident. At 40% complete, the project is on track to complete in the accelerated 19 month timeframe, approximately a 13.5% improvement on what was already an aggressive schedule.

These programmes are underway on four other projects in Ireland and the UK, each programme bespoke and designed to match the first order challenges on the project.

A holistic approach to Lean – relationships, trust and collaboration

As a main Contractor, Programme and Construction Manager, Sisk’s expertise lies in planning, co-ordinating and managing projects, using our own direct resources or specialist subcontractors to deliver the actual construction. The Sisk Lean programme must therefore focus holistically on the overall design and build process – maximising the value delivered by combined effort of Client, Design teams, Sisk and their supply chain – how to deliver greater value with less effort.

Moving ahead with Lean in Sisk

The Lean Team will continue their work in adding value, particularly through the knowledge management and knowledge sharing efforts. A key priority is to focus on distributing the ownership of change as close as possible to the working environment an enabling good ideas to be acted upon swiftly.

Further developments towards the implementation of paperless site management will be added through the digital field tool and the on-line induction and on-boarding process will be rolled out during 2018 also. The use of BIM on all projects will continue to be a big part of this success. Most critically however will be the collaboration ethos which will be built into all projects from tender stage, supporting and encouraging the supply chain and design teams to embrace the Lean collaborative approach in order to get the best value outcomes for the projects we work on.

For more information on Lean in Sisk contact: Joe O’Sullivan, John Sisk & Son, j.o’sullivan@sisk.ie

Congratulations – 10 companies receive LCI Commendation

In Croke Park Dublin today 10 companies received Lean Construction Ireland’s Commended award. Presented by Richard Fitzpatrick (Chairman Lean Constructed Ireland) the lean service providers proved themselves to be true leaders in lean management within the Irish construction sector. Having met a number of strict criteria, the companies who received the award included:

• Harmona Consulting
• Raleigh & Associates
• Crystal Lean Solutions
• LBS Partners
• Lean Touch Solutions
• Lean 2 Innovative Thinking
• Quality Support Services
• CH Consulting
• ETAC Limited
• Leading Edge Group

Lean Construction Ireland would like to congratulate all Commended lean service providers on achieving this award and wish them every success in the future.

To view the full list of LCI Commended Lean Service Providers, or if you would like to submit an application, please visit: http://leanconstructionireland.ie/lci-lean-construction-service-provider-registration-form/

ARDMAC ADOPTS LEAN CONSTRUCTION METHODS TO ENABLE EXCELLENCE

Last Planner® System (LPS) and Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) are the main topics for discussion at the January 2018 Lean Construction Ireland (LCI) Community Event in Croke Park, sponsored by Ardmac Ltd.

Glenn Ballard, Professor at the University of California at Berkeley, co-founder of the Lean Construction Institute in the USA, and co-developer of the Last Planner® System (LPS), is the keynote speaker for this event.

Last Planner® System (LPS) LPS is a collaborative planning process that involves trade foremen or design team leaders (the “last planners”) in planning in greater and greater detail as the time for the work to be done gets closer. Surveys show that the percentage of planned tasks complete using LPS can reach 85%, whilst the percentage of tasks complete averages out at approx. 54% using the traditional critical path method (CPM) of scheduling. Other benefits also include improvements in Safety, Quality, Commercial, and Schedule performance.

At Ardmac we have had significant improvements in the areas outlined above, and with that incentive we have now adopted LPS to suit our needs across all sectors.We have trialled this on a number of our projects across sectors including pharma, commercial fit out, and data centres to great effect. Ardmac has put a system in place to run LPS on all new projects from the start of 2018.

Integrated Project Delivery(IPD)

IPD is a project delivery method that is distinguished by early collaboration between cross-functional teams, including design, engineering, and construction. That cross-functional collaboration and maximisation of the skillsets of the full team to achieve the shared project goals means that the project is optimized to increase value to the owner, reduce waste, and maximize efficiency through all phasesof design, fabrication, and construction. IPD thus provides improvements to quality, safety, schedule, and commercial performance.

There are many benefits to IPD resulting from full and integrated collaboration of the project team,shared objectives, and consensus decision making. Responsibilities can be shared between the team members which means that risk and rewards are also shared. By putting together shared goals and working as a team, schedule durations can be reduced by removing handovers from one part of a team to the next. For example a lighting install contractor may typically wait for a ceiling handover, but with IPD there would be an increasedprobability of these tasks being implemented intandem, thus reducing overall install time.

Ardmac have been involved in IPD projects and have seen significant benefit in being part of these. IPD is an extremely beneficial system for expanding knowledge base on the client’s requirements from all elements of the project and can aid client value as a result.

The process is very transparent and that allows lower project cost incentives to be implemented which can help everyone’s bottom line. We have seen improved Added Value in Time, Safety and Quality and there is significantly less Risk in the IPD model versus the traditional delivery models.
Everyone in the team is empowered to speak up for the improvement of the project resulting in and a collaborative and strong team approach where everyone looks out for each other.

We have seen significant reduction in ‘drama’ around these type of projectsand the result of reducing ‘drama’ is doing work. As a whole from a contractor’s point of view we see clients look at the IPD delivery team and want to work with them again, knowing and trusting they will deliver high end, high ‘value’ projects.

 

 

The Practical Application and Benefits of an Effective Pull plan session

At 3pm on the 13th of December Lean Construction Ireland will be hosting

Title: Last Planner® System – The Practical Application and Benefits of an Effective Pull plan session

Presenter: Willie Power & Eddie Quinn

DPS Group

Lean Construction Ireland holds regular webinars presented by industry experts to promote the understanding of Lean in order to assist companies and organisations on their Lean journey as well as and providing insights into how some of the Ireland’s leading construction companies are adoption Lean Thinking and Practises to deliver better project outcomes and business benefits.

Please view Slides here

Lean Facility Management – Introducing the Kanban System

Maintenance is defined as a combination of technical, administrative, and management activities throughout the product lifecycle [1]. This is done to ensure that the product keeps functioning smoothly and achieves its full lifecycle. Corrective maintenance happens after a breakdown or failure while preventive maintenance (also known as regular maintenance) is designed to be proactive.

In simplistic terms, Lean Maintenance is doing the maintenance in the most effective and efficient manner which creates the greatest value for the end asset user.

Lean Maintenance is a powerful tool to help identify and eliminate waste related issues. Lean identifies eight common waste categories that occur in business processes. These are: Overproduction, Defects, Over-processing, Waiting, Motion, Transportation, Inventory, and Underutilized Human Talent.

There are multiple Lean tools that may be applied to Lean Maintenance, for instance 5S, Kaizen, Poka-Yoke, Kanban, VSM etc. Among the mentioned Lean tools, Kanban shows great promise to efficiently improve maintenance. Considering maintenance business process and its activities, there is a binding link of every activity in the form of work order. Work order represents individual service that is initiated with issuance of a physical (or digital) work order in a numerical sequence using a work order system. Kanban applied to a work order system results in the improvement of the backbone of maintenance process.

Kanban – improving the workflow

Kanban is a visual method for controlling production as a part of JIT (Just in Time) and Lean manufacturing. Kanban introduces the pull method which ensures that it controls what is produced, in what quantity, and when to produce it. This ensures that the production is per the client’s desire and not more. Kanban is based on a series of rules that including [2]:

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